Date Speaker Topic
20.09.2019 -- MPIA 50-year-celebration
04.10.2019 -- Bridge Day after German Unity Day
(11hrs, MPIA Hoersaal)
Jonathan Crass
(University of Notre Dame, USA)
Finding Earth-like planets among the noise -
Achieving precision radial velocity measurements with single-mode fibres

Today's radial velocity (RV) instruments for planet detection are primarily seeing-limited instruments fed using multi-mode fibres. This design, while previously state-of-the art, leads to systematic errors which is beginning to limit our ability to study some of the most challenging, and consequently most interesting planetary systems. In the era of adaptive optics at large telescope facilities worldwide, it is now possible to inject a diffraction-limited input into single-mode optical fibres to feed next generation RV spectrographs. These have a reduced instrument volume, a stable input source, and can offer improved overall stability and precision for RV over their multi-mode fed counterparts.

iLocater is a next-generation precision RV spectrograph under development for the Large Binocular Telescope (LBT). It is one of the first astronomical spectrographs to use single-mode fibres for precision radial velocity measurement and will provide high resolution (R~150,000-240,000) NIR spectra in a stable environment. Jonathan Crass will present an overview of the instrument, its current status and novel science programs.

Presentation: English
Slides: English
Questions: German, English
(11hrs, MPIA Hoersaal)
Michael Boehm
(ISYS Stuttgart)
Ultralightweight and Adaptive Structures – a Technology for Tomorrow’s Telescopes and Instruments?

Lightweight structures have become a reality for many mass-sensitive applications, such as airplane body design, car body design, or large civil engineering structures. For passive structures, these designs present in most cases a minimum in terms of required mass under given safety limitations and user comfort constraints.

However, it is possible to stay within these limits and reduce the total embodied mass even further by introducing active structures, which we refer to as ultralightweight design. Through their various actuators, these structures can adapt to external loads and disturbances, thus increasing the utilization of the structure and its elements, which leads to even lighter designs.

In light of the expected construction activities within the next 20-30 years, this can help saving millions of tons of concrete and steel and significantly reduce waste production and CO2-emissions of the construction industry. What’s more, the developed methods and ideas can also be applied to any large-scale applications where high masses are critical, such as space flights and airplanes, harbor cranes, ships and even telescopes and their instruments.

The talk will focus on ideas, methods and results of our research in the context of adaptive ultralightweight structures with a focus on large civil engineering structures. At the end, possible implications of this technology for telescopes and their instruments will be presented.

Presentation: German
Slides: English
Questions: German, English
01.11.2019 -- All Saints
(11Uhr, MPIA Hoersaal)
Prof. Dr. Andreas Heinrich (Aalen University) Additive Manufacturing of Active and Passive Optical Components

The development of additive manufacturing methods has made enormous progress within the last years. Most of the work has been focused in the implementation of mechanical parts, but additive manufacturing technologies also offer great potential in the optics area, allowing new designs with more degrees of freedom and with it completely new approaches.

This talk will present and compare the most important methods for additive manufacturing of synthetic materials. Besides, the most characteristic properties of the additive manufactured optics will be presented. Of special importance is the volume scattering and the surface quality. To be able to improve them, corresponding subsequent machining is necessary, which will also be discussed.

A very important part of the talk deals with the discussion of various examples of additive manufactured optical parts. On one hand additive manufactured passive optical elements, like optical beam splitters, micro lens arrays, or optics with complex forms will be presented. On the other hand active optical elements, like 3D printed liquid lenses, printed organic light diodes or additive manufactured Random Laser will be discussed.

The talk ends with a presentation of the current design of a robot based on an additive manufactured platform being develop currently at the Center for Optical Technologies of the Aalen University.

Presentation: German
Slides: English
Questions: German, English
Postponed to March 13th 2020!
Thomas Ruppel (SwissOptic AG) Modern fabrication of high-precision-optics -
a journey along the optical manufacturing chain

In many cases our society's development is driven by the progress in photonic technologies. Take for instance: Steadily shrinking semiconductor structures allow for digital systems of higher performance, modern optical surgery is key for a broad treatment of a population, which is getting older and older, and air or space borne high-performance optical components are vital for environmental surveillance with optical communication at a daily growing data rate. Prerequisites behind all these applications are typically very precise optical components like beam splitters, mirrors, lenses or polarization optics, which have to be produced in high quantity and very high quality.

In the context of this talk the requirements for those components and the manufacturing steps will be presented. In some outstanding cases even exotic ideas and technologies are necessary, which will be explained by practical examples.

Presentation: German
Slides: English
Questions: German, English
06.12.2019 (10hrs, HdA Auditorium) Jan Rybizki Sustainability at MPIA

What is the amount of our CO2 footprint at MPIA?
Which measures could help to reduce it?
How is our planet doing?

Since about 8 months we have been discussing questions like these in our sustainability coffee, each Friday at 10:40hrs in the library. This talk is a distillate of those meetings about sustainability with respect to our institute.

Presentation: German
Slides: English
Questions: German, English
13.12.2019 (11hrs, MPIA Hoersaal) Thomas Henning Origins of Life

The discovery of Earth-like planets re-addressed the question under which conditions life originally formed.

Thomas Henning will discuss the "when, where and how" of this formation process. In parallel, he will introduce the programm for the "Origins of Life Labs" here at MPIA.

Presentation: German
Slides: German
Questions: German, English
20.12.2019 Last talk before Christmas Break
27.12.2019 -- Christmas Break
Last modified 4 years ago Last modified on 9 Jan 2020, 12:49:22